The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has removed wolves in the Great Lakes area from the federal endangered species list.
That means Michigan is now in charge of wolf management.
Minnesota and Wisconsin are also affected by the ruling and have each devised their own wolf management plans. Each state's plan differs in the way lethal control of wolves will be handled.
Upper Peninsula residents have been waiting years for this to occur.
Since the wolf has been taken off the federal endangered species list, U.P. farmers and pet owners can legally protect their property from roaming packs of wolves.
This does not mean it's open season on wolves. It remains illegal to kill a wolf.
Wolves remain a protected, nongame species in Michigan.
The only exception is when wolves are preying on livestock or dogs.
"Delisting is a victory for the state and for Michigan citizens who have been affected by this issue," said DNR Director Rodney Stokes. "The state's healthy wolf population is a reminder that Michigan still has places where wild animals such as wolves can live and thrive."
"Fully implementing the state's Wolf Management Plan will allow us to more effectively respond to problem wolves, while maintaining a self-sustaining wolf population and increasing social acceptance of the species as a whole," Stokes said in a statement.
The DNR will continue to recommend nonlethal methods of control as the first option for residents.
However, in cases where nonlethal methods are not working or are not feasible, state officials will now have greater flexibility to use lethal means to remove problem wolves when appropriate.
In addition, Michigan residents will be able to legally protect their livestock and dogs if an animal is being attacked by a wolf.
The Michigan Legislature passed laws in 2008 to allow livestock or dog owners, or their designated agents, to remove, capture, or, if deemed necessary, use lethal means to destroy a wolf that is "in the act of preying upon" (attempting to kill or injure) the owner's livestock or dog(s).
These state laws took effect on Friday.
Livestock or dog owners who use lethal means to destroy a wolf must observe the following guidelines:
1. Report the lethal take of a wolf by calling the Report All Poaching (RAP) hotline at 800-292-7800 no later than 12 hours after the lethal take.
2. Retain possession of the wolf until a DNR official is available to take possession. A DNR official will respond to the scene within 12 hours of notification.
3. Do not move or disturb the dead wolf. The only exception to this rule is if a wolf has been killed in the act of preying upon livestock and leaving the wolf in place would impede normal farming practices. In that case the wolf may be moved to a secure location once photographs are taken of the wolf and the area where lethal means were used.
"Although lethal control methods are now legal in certain circumstances, wolves remain a protected species in Michigan and no hunting or trapping season is in place," said DNR Law Enforcement Division Chief Gary Hagler.
"The DNR will investigate and continue prosecution of any wolf poaching cases," Hagler said.
Illegally killing a wolf is punishable by up to 90 days in jail, a $1,000 fine, or both, and the cost of prosecution. Suspected poaching violations may be reported 24 hours a day, seven days a week to the DNR's RAP hotline at 800-292-7800.
There are an estimated 687 wolves in the Upper Peninsula.